Homeschool Language Arts Lesson Plans based on Aesop's Fables



Homeschool language arts lesson plans based on Fables?

What does it look like and how do you use Aesop's Fables as a base of a language arts lesson plan?

Learning Language arts through literature, and in this case, Aesop's Fables, is using a Fable as a base to teach handwriting, spelling, writing techniques, grammar and punctuation. This is done by selecting a Fable and drawing all the aspects of language arts from this. This can be used as a complete homeschool language arts curriculum which you create.

This page gives you ideas and a step by step detailed approach to turn any fable into a language arts lesson plan.

Check out my latest set of Ebooks - Aesops Fables Copywork Ebooks which contain beautiful illustrations of different fables both in colour and black and white.

Why a Fable?

A fable is a little story which imparts a moral lesson. It often includes animals, plants, forces of nature which take on a human qualities. It is a great starting point to help students see how a story unfolds in a cetain setting with a simple plot. Using this as a base, one can create a language arts lesson plan and help students to write a little story, with only a few characters, in a setting, facing a problem and coming to a conclusion as well as teaching a moral lesson.

I am using the same Ten Day Outline which I used to describe how to create Homeschool Language Arts Lesson Plans based on Literature.

language arts lesson plans

Firstly, enjoy the Fable. Read a number of Fables and talk about what they mean, how they are written, the moral at the end.

In your discussion, ask your children how they might re-write the fable. What character would you use? What would they do? Does it teach the same moral lesson? Is there another way you could teach the moral lesson? Can you change the setting? How would you do that? Explain.

Once you have enjoyed a number of fables, then choose some of them. Choose them for their literary devices (descriptions, characters, use of dialogue, use of metaphors, the moral of the fable).

Now.... how do you write language arts lesson plans based on the Aesop's Fables you have chosen.

I have written them as "Days", but sometimes the work involved in the language arts activities will take longer than a day.

Day One: Copywork

Copy the Aesop's Fable carefully. Use cursive or printing. Decorate it if you wish.

aesops fables

The Aesop's Fables I have chosen have printing and cursive handwriting worksheets which your child can trace over or write on to the illustrated copy of the fable. There are also handwriting printable pages which are lined for different aged children. The beauty of these Aesop Fables Copywork Sets are the illustrations. The fable is copied onto colour pages which have an illustrated border relating to the fable. There are also pages which are illustrated in black and white so your child can colour in. If you would like free handwriting printable worksheets used for different ages, see my free printable writing paper page.

Day Two: Spelling

Choose appropriate spelling words from the copied Fable or the selection from the Fable. Discuss the words; Write them on a whiteboard or make a special Aesop's Fable Spelling book. List spelling rules which the words follow. Find other words which also use the same rule. You can look for words which use the same beginning, middle or end phonogram.

One excellent resource which I have found useful in teaching my children was ABC and all her Tricks. This has lists of words according to their phonemes. The Reading Teacher's Book of Lists is also an excellent resource.

Day Three: Grammar

Discuss the grammar of the passage. I have loved using Winston Grammar. This program uses cards to identify different parts of speech. You can do this on your own also. If you have covered some of the parts of speech, you can now identify them in the sentences and use different colouring pens, markers or highlighters to identify nouns, verbs,adjectives, adverbs and so on. My page on the parts of speech is a good place to start. It helps you to understand the parts of speech and learn the questions you need to ask to find them in a sentence. It will help with phrases also. Check out the parts of speech page for some extra help.

You may also wish to diagram these sentences.

Does the author use prepositional phrases? Write the grammar definitions on a page or in a Language Arts File where you keep your own grammar work. Also look at the punctuation in the passage. (How is the dialogue punctuated? How does the author write a list? How is each sentence begun and finished?)

Day Four : Dictation

Use the copywork from Day One as a dictation exercise.

Read the excerpt (or the whole Aesop's Fable) and ask your child to write it. On Day One, you should have taken time to look at the way dialogue was written or the correct use of capitalization etc. This work done on Day One - is preparation for this dictation exercise.

If you find your child needs more time, why not work on the passage over a few days? Look at it again, copy out parts of it, and then dictate again.

Day Five: KeyWord Outline

Now, this is the fun part! Firstly, remove all the flowery, descriptive parts out of the passage so you are left with the barebones of the passage. One things I get my children to learn early on is a list of prepostions. We sing a preposition song to the tune of Yankee Doodle. Once you have found a preposition, all you need to do is to find the noun that goes with the preposition and you have found the prepositional phrase. It is helpful to do this because you will find that by removing the prepositional phrases in the passage, your sentence will have diminished substantially.

Then find any adjectives (describing words) in front of the nouns and adverbs. Scan the sentence and try to find the barebones of the sentence. What is the smallest possible combination of words which still makes sense? Even if you have just a noun and a verb, you still have a sentence.

By removing the flowery, desriptions you will get to the essential elements in the story.

Write an outline of the plot or description. Use only a few keywords to capture what the main points are.

Day Six: Working with Words

Now, build on the keyword outline from Day Five. It is time to put back into the sentence. Use a thesaurus to find interesting verbs, dual verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs. Create an interest filled paragraph. You can either choose to stay as close to the original as possible, or choose to make your own creative work - using your own characters etc.

Day Seven: Working with Style

Review the writing from Day Six and focus on improving the style by using different sentence openers, using prepositional phrases, using adverbial and adjectival clauses, using metaphors and similes. You may add dialogue. Check out this page on how to teach Writing Stylistic Elements. - Here I discuss and explain how to work with words, phrases and clauses, sentence openers and other interesting elements such as the use of questions, varied sentence lengths and so on.

A Sentence Opener - is a way to begin a sentence. You need to make sure that you begin sentences in a variety of ways. Often when we get to this stage, my children find that most of their sentences begin with the subject, either by their name or by the pronoun - he, she, they. Allow them to keep a few sentences which begin with a subject, but then look for ways to alter the other sentence beginnings. Begin with : a prepositional phrase, an adverb (a ..ly.. word), an adverbial or adjectival clause or dialogue. This page shows you an example of a language arts lesson plan which concentrates on sentence openers.

Day Eight: Proofreading

Review your work. Does it need refining? Have you chosen words rich with meaning? Does it create a picture in your reader's mind? Check punctuation of sentences?

Day Nine: Re-writing

Copy the final paragraph neatly in cursive or printing. Where will you display this? Do you have a special folder or book?

Check out my latest set of Ebooks - Aesops Fables Copywork Ebooks which contain beautiful illustrations of different fables both in colour and black and white.

Day Ten: Final Copy

Show your final copy. Read it aloud to your family. Publish it. Why not add it to the Homeschool Gallery on my site? 

We'd love to see your work.

Aesop's Fables Illustrated Copywork Ebooks

aesops fables
aesops fables The Town Mouse
aesops fables bundle of sticks

I have used this Ten Day model when writing my 200+ page e-book, Modeling the Classics: Language Arts Lesson Plans from the Hobbit.

Preview the e-book now!

NEW!! Modeling the Classics - Teaching Descriptive Writing. Read more here.


You can also see language arts lesson plans I have created using modeling. Each lesson plan focuses on a particular stylistic element.

These lesson plans are condensed versions of what I have described on this page. They cover some, but not all language arts.


Does online homeschooling suit your family? Check out the scope of the Time4Learning Online Lesson Plans - As a member you gain access to comprehensive lesson descriptions, detailed reporting, printable worksheets and supplementary teaching guides.


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